Impact of Mining Case Study: Background Land and People of Benguet The Cordillera region in Northern Luzon, Philippines, is homeland to more than 1 million indigenous peoples belonging to at least 8 distinct ethnic groups collectively known as Igorots. The Kankanaey, meanwhile dominate the northeast areas of Benguet. Gold mining communities rose in the gold-rich areas in Itogon, while gold-trading villages were established along strategic mountain passes and trails.
View previous table 1. Evolving Policies and Institutions in the Ghanaian Mining Sector The long tradition in the extractive sector has enabled Ghana to build an institutional framework and organizations to support the mining industry.
The Minerals and Mining Law of provides the overall legislative framework for mining in Ghana.
|Environmental Impacts of Mining: A Study of Mining Communities in Ghana||How they arise and how their effects can be mitigated Overview Unregulated mining has the potential to release harmful substances into the soil, air, and water. Mission proposes that governments enforce regulations on companies and use cutting-edge technology to reduce the damage from mining-related sources.|
|Environmental Risks of Mining||Our case studies explore the positive effects of mining and elaborate on the transformative effect of responsible gold mining. This includes dealing not only with national governments, but understanding the needs and aspirations of indigenous communities to ensure positive impacts.|
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This law established the royalty and corporate tax rates in this industry; but was however amended in and as Ghana transitioned into a constitutional rule.
The amendments focused on revising the corporate tax and royalty rates and limiting the duration for mining lease. In addition, three new mining laws were implemented after the legalization of small-scale mining. The Small-Scale Gold Mining Law covers the registration, licensing and the establishment of support centres for small-scale mining.
The Mercury Law legalizes the purchase of mercury for mining purposes, while the Precious Minerals Marketing Corporation Law provides official marketing services for small-scale gold and diamond miners and promotes trade in precious metals, diamond, and jewellery in and outside Ghana [ 1011162527 ].
The two main institutions with direct supervisory and oversight responsibilities over the mining sector in Ghana are the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources and the Mineral Commission.
The Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources is responsible for all aspects of mineral resource exploration in Ghana. It formulates policies and grants licenses for mining and mineral exploration. The Mineral Commission, established under Article of the Constitution of Ghana and the Minerals Commission Act ofis the principal institution for providing regulatory framework for mining in the country.
It administers the Mining Act, making mineral policy recommendations, promoting mineral developments in the country and advising government on mineral related issues. It also ensures compliance with the mining and mineral law and regulation. It operates under the purview of the Ministry of Mines [ 24 ].
This agency formulates and implements environmental policies and enforces compliance with environmental laws and regulations.
The Mining Section of EPA provides direct oversight on the mining industry with key responsibilities such as processing environmental permits and certificates; monitoring of mining activities; environmental assessments; investigating complaints relating to mining activities; and creating environmental impact awareness.
The Geological Survey Department provides geological study support to the government and the mining industry. The Mines Department has the oversight responsibility for ensuring compliance to health and safety inspections standards by mining companies.
The Lands Commission provides legal records of issued mining licences and examination of all new applications. The Chamber of Mines is an association of mining companies and has the responsibility of addressing immediate concerns of all stakeholders within its jurisdiction [ 112425 ].
Environmental Impacts of Mining Activities in Ghana Despite all these policies and institutions, environmental degradation in most of mining communities in Ghana is still of a major threat and concern.
The extent of environmental devastation caused by mineral mining in Ghana is well documented [ 7891125263132 ].Understanding the impact of gold mining on local communities before, during and after the life of a mine is a vital part of responsible mining. This includes dealing not only with national governments, but understanding the needs and aspirations of indigenous communities to ensure positive impacts.
of these plants to analyze the impact of closing coal-fired plants on the merchant power markets. This study reached the following conclusions: • EVA analyzed the likely impact on power market prices in PJM (energy and capacity markets) if the three coal plants were to retire at the beginning of In the case of Lepanto, the downstream impact of tailings disposal is that along a kilometer stretch of the Abra River, some hectares of riceland have been washed out.
 Further, Lepanto’s claim that Tailings Dam 5A is actually helping to contain siltation is deceiving. The case studies demonstrate the urgent need for mining companies to formally recognize the rights of communities to free, informed consent as a precondition of mining; to be held accountable to communities during mining; and adhere to the highest environmental, human and social rights, standards and practices.
What is the Impact of Mining on South Africa and its people? GOLD Authors: Michelle Dandara, Kirsten Collins, Robyn Blench, Yumna Badrooien and Sonia Mataramvura Date of Completion: 17 February Teacher: Mr Altern Abstract Mining plays a very important role in South Africa: it is one of the driving forces behind South Africa’s booming economy and provides employment for millions of South Africans.
Case study: EMS Bruel & Kjaer | Reducing the impact of mining noise 02 We want to ensure full transparency in our work, and most importantly, be able to use.