Book essay exchange forum from new other subsistence

View Citation summary Peter Bauer, a pioneer of development economics, is an incisive thinker whose work continues to influence fields from political science to history to anthropology.

Book essay exchange forum from new other subsistence

Mises Review 6, No. Peter Bauer possesses a rare ability: Several philosophers discussed in this issue-Rawls, Dworkin, and Cohen -rail on and on about equality. Capitalism must be condemned, they tell us, because of inequality.

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However productive the system, it fails the test of ethics. Bauer makes two points about equality which have eluded the thinkers just mentioned.

Taking a Nietzschean turn, Bauer asks: Is egalitarianism ethically required? No, he responds, it is not: According to egalitarian dogma, the rich possess at least a good part of their wealth unjustly, having gained it by exploiting the poor.

Will not the poor, if convinced of this, seethe with rancorous hatred of those who have taken what should be theirs?

Book essay exchange forum from new other subsistence

Envy and resentment are soul-destroying sentiments liable to corrode people afflicted by them" p. Bauer does not shrink from challenging Pope Paul VI, who sympathized to a degree with egalitarianism, on the ground of theology.

To this there is an obvious rejoinder. Does not Bauer's argument presuppose that capitalist ways of distributing wealth are just?

Book essay exchange forum from new other subsistence

If they are not, then is not the resentment of the poor fully in order? Our author has of course anticipated this point; he devotes the bulk of the book to showing how inequalities between nations arise. But I wish for now to put this issue aside. Let us suppose that Rawls's or Dworkin's theory is correct: Would it follow that Bauer's point about envy can be dismissed?

I do not think so. Would it not be better for the poor to concentrate on productive means of raising themselves? Even if a philosophical theory correctly shows they are entitled to more than they have, it does not seem obvious that their time is best spent in agitation for redistribution.

It is not hard to guess what an egalitarian would answer.FROM SUBSISTENCE TO EXCHANGE AND OTHER ESSAYS NEW FORUM BOOKS Robert P. George, Series Editor A list of titles in the series appears at the back of the book.

From Subsistence to Exchange and Other Essays Book Description: Peter Bauer, a pioneer of development economics, is an incisive thinker whose work continues to influence fields from political science to history to anthropology.

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